The world awaits a peace savior in the great war

Parisa Pasandepour
9 Min Read
The world awaits a peace savior in the great war

The world awaits a peace savior in the great war.

Israel and Hamas as international mediators.

These days, international analysts and experts are discussing the international reactions to the escalation of tensions between Israel and Hamas. This report attempts to address the international reactions to the escalation of tensions between these two countries. The escalation of tensions between Israel and Hamas has been ongoing for the past two weeks, and it seems that key regional and international players can play a crucial role in finding potential solutions to this crisis. However, it is difficult to imagine which actor is in the best position to play such a role.

Although the recent visit of US President Joe Biden to Israel is important in expressing solidarity with the country, it has created the suspicion that Israel’s policy towards Palestine is a unilateral policy of the United States. Similarly, the position of the European Union in this dispute also seems to be somewhat complicated, between the declarations of solidarity by key EU officials towards Israel and the various and different positions adopted by different member countries.

Furthermore, the reactions of Russia and China to the October 7th attack also caused controversy. Moscow refrained from condemning Hamas, and it seems that the longstanding bilateral relations with Israel are experiencing a setback. China, on the other hand, does not appear to have any interest in playing a mediating role in resolving the conflict, as it has abstained from mediating between the opposing parties.

Instead, it seems that both Moscow and Beijing intend to use this crisis as another opportunity to criticize US policies and present themselves as opponents of contradictory and hypocritical Western policies, with hopes of gaining more supporters in the Arab world.

The United States has a strategic alliance with Israel and avoids occupying Gaza.

President Biden emphasizes his belief that Israel, like the United States, follows a rule of law instead of terrorist tactics, comparing Israel to a democracy that is almost similar. This narrative portrays the conflict as a struggle between democratic values and extremism, particularly with entities like Hamas. President Biden intends to emphasize Israel’s right to defend itself and also highlight why the fight against Hamas should be supported by the Western world, as he believes this goes beyond the interests of the United States.

Furthermore, Biden recommends that Israel does not occupy Gaza, expressing disappointment with the actions taken by the United States after September 11 in Iraq and acknowledging the mistakes made towards Israel. He believes that such an action can disrupt the path to the formation of a Palestinian state and, in turn, place Israel in the role of overseeing Palestinians, a responsibility that is often neglected.

The occupation of Gaza can lead to significant public criticism and impact the relationship between the United States and Israel, making it more difficult for future American commitments to be justified to Congress and the American public.

The European Union considers the Oslo Accords a failure.

European countries must plan for the future while trying to respond to the tragic consequences of the surprise attack by Hamas. They cannot and should not return to the previous situation, as now more than ever.

Continuous violence is the most terrifying manifestation of the collapsing Oslo Accords, a plan that has dominated international diplomacy for thirty years. The Oslo Accords refer to two agreements between the Israeli government and the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO), which initiated the peace process between Israel and Palestine and paved the way for the establishment of a self-governing Palestinian government. The goal of this process was to achieve a peace treaty based on United Nations Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, and to fulfill the right to self-determination of the Palestinian people.

Furthermore, the strategic risks of Israel in bypassing the Palestinians to establish peace with the Arab world, a strategy that has received significant support from Europeans, necessitates finding a new solution and highlighting a new plan. In the future, Europe must consider a new initiative on how to revive a credible diplomatic path to secure a dignified future for the people of Gaza and ensure peace and sustainable security for Israelis and Palestinians.

Russia seeks to profit from escalating tensions between Israel and Hamas.

Moscow always emphasizes that it is one of the few international powers that engages in dialogue with all parties involved in the region. Therefore, the recent dispute between Israel and Palestine can put Kremlin’s diplomacy to the test.

On one hand, the Russians must protect their relationship with Tel Aviv, a partner that cannot be ignored, especially considering the coordinated efforts and military cooperation they have had in Syria. Israel has been a strategic partner for Moscow, and the Kremlin is well aware of this. On the other hand, they do not need to take a very strong stance against Hamas, partly due to their traditional position on this group. However, the most important reason is the relationship between Hamas and Tehran, which is currently one of Moscow’s main military partners.

Therefore, the likelihood of Russia playing a serious mediating role in the current dispute is very low. The best thing Russia can do at the moment is to use the crisis to promote anti-American narratives and claim that the current situation is the result of years of misguided US policies.

China’s geopolitical perspective on the dispute

China’s position on the current Israel-Hamas conflict is somewhat complicated. Beijing will definitely welcome the opportunity to mediate and help achieve a ceasefire, in order to enhance its credibility in the international community. This is especially true after successfully playing a significant role as a mediator in the diplomatic relations agreement between Saudi Arabia and Iran earlier this year. However, China’s position and influence have been jeopardized in the eyes of Israel due to its past support for Palestinian ideals and their struggle, despite the more extensive economic exchanges between China and Israel compared to those between Palestinians and China.

Furthermore, Beijing is likely to analyze this conflict through regional and geopolitical lenses. China aims to strengthen and increase its support for itself in the Arab world, which has become angry over Israel’s attacks on the Gaza Strip. As a result, China positions itself against the main ally of Israel, the United States, in order to assert its own interests and policies.


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Master's Degree in International Relations from the Faculty of Diplomatic Sciences and International Relations, Genoa, Italy.